Francis Nicholson (1753 - 1844)
"The print is in every respect the equal to
and may be considered as an original sketch."
Until the second decade of the nineteenth century, an artist's work could only be reproduced via the work of an engraver. But the lithograph was cheaper to produce, and had the advantage of conveying an image from the artist's own hand. To a teacher such as Nicholson, it was a boon. To the student, something from the artist's own hand at a price that he could afford was a god-send. Nicholson embraced lithography enthusiastically, and, over the years, produced about 800 images. Some were teaching aids - including a notable series of trees - but most were of rural scenery for the commercial market.
2. Early Years
4. The Lithograph
5. An Unkind History
6. The Nicholson Group
8. Gallery 1
9. Gallery 2
10. Gallery 3
The Shire Oak, near Leeds
Lithograph by Francis Nicholson
Many of Nicholson's lithographs were issued in sets of six, often with covers depicting an inscription on stone - most appropriate for lithography! Here, we see one published by Rodwell & Martin, entitled Six Lithographic Impressions of Sketches from Nature, and dated 1821.
Monochrome lithographs were all that was possible at that time, though Nicholson would hand-colour them for those who could afford it.
Corie Lin - A Fall of the Clyde, near Lanark
Hand coloured lithograph
by Francis Nicholson, 1821